Module: Metasploit::Framework::MSSQL::Client

Extended by:
ActiveSupport::Concern
Includes:
Base, Tcp::Client
Included in:
LoginScanner::MSSQL
Defined in:
lib/metasploit/framework/mssql/client.rb

Constant Summary

Constants included from Base

Base::ENCRYPT_NOT_SUP, Base::ENCRYPT_OFF, Base::ENCRYPT_ON, Base::ENCRYPT_REQ, Base::STATUS_END_OF_MESSAGE, Base::STATUS_IGNORE_EVENT, Base::STATUS_NORMAL, Base::STATUS_RESETCONNECTION, Base::STATUS_RESETCONNECTIONSKIPTRAN, Base::TYPE_ATTENTION_SIGNAL, Base::TYPE_BULK_LOAD, Base::TYPE_PRE_LOGIN_MESSAGE, Base::TYPE_PRE_TDS7_LOGIN, Base::TYPE_RPC, Base::TYPE_SQL_BATCH, Base::TYPE_SSPI_MESSAGE, Base::TYPE_TABLE_RESPONSE, Base::TYPE_TDS7_LOGIN, Base::TYPE_TRANSACTION_MANAGER_REQUEST

Instance Attribute Summary

Attributes included from Tcp::Client

#max_send_size, #send_delay, #sock

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods included from Base

#mssql_parse_done, #mssql_parse_env, #mssql_parse_error, #mssql_parse_info, #mssql_parse_login_ack, #mssql_parse_reply, #mssql_parse_ret, #mssql_parse_tds_reply, #mssql_parse_tds_row, #mssql_send_recv, #mssql_tds_encrypt

Methods included from Tcp::Client

#chost, #connect, #cport, #disconnect, #proxies, #rhost, #rport, #set_tcp_evasions, #ssl, #ssl_version

Instance Method Details

#mssql_login(user = 'sa', pass = '', db = '', domain_name = '') ⇒ Object

This method connects to the server over TCP and attempts to authenticate with the supplied username and password The global socket is used and left connected after auth



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# File 'lib/metasploit/framework/mssql/client.rb', line 19

def (user='sa', pass='', db='', domain_name='')

  disconnect if self.sock
  connect
  mssql_prelogin

  if windows_authentication
    idx = 0
    pkt = ''
    pkt_hdr = ''
    pkt_hdr =  [
        TYPE_TDS7_LOGIN, #type
        STATUS_END_OF_MESSAGE, #status
        0x0000, #length
        0x0000, # SPID
        0x01,   # PacketID (unused upon specification
        # but ms network monitor stil prefer 1 to decode correctly, wireshark don't care)
        0x00   #Window
    ]

    pkt << [
        0x00000000,   # Size
        0x71000001,   # TDS Version
        0x00000000,   # Dummy Size
        0x00000007,   # Version
        rand(1024+1), # PID
        0x00000000,   # ConnectionID
        0xe0,         # Option Flags 1
        0x83,         # Option Flags 2
        0x00,         # SQL Type Flags
        0x00,         # Reserved Flags
        0x00000000,   # Time Zone
        0x00000000    # Collation
    ].pack('VVVVVVCCCCVV')

    cname = Rex::Text.to_unicode( Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(rand(8)+1) )
    aname = Rex::Text.to_unicode( Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(rand(8)+1) ) #application and library name
    sname = Rex::Text.to_unicode( rhost )
    dname = Rex::Text.to_unicode( db )

    workstation_name = Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(rand(8)+1)

    ntlm_client = ::Net::NTLM::Client.new(
      user,
      pass,
      workstation: workstation_name,
      domain: domain_name,
    )
    type1 = ntlm_client.init_context
    # SQL 2012, at least, does not support KEY_EXCHANGE
    type1.flag &= ~ ::Net::NTLM::FLAGS[:KEY_EXCHANGE]
    ntlmsspblob = type1.serialize

    idx = pkt.size + 50 # lengths below

    pkt << [idx, cname.length / 2].pack('vv')
    idx += cname.length

    pkt << [0, 0].pack('vv') # User length offset must be 0
    pkt << [0, 0].pack('vv') # Password length offset must be 0

    pkt << [idx, aname.length / 2].pack('vv')
    idx += aname.length

    pkt << [idx, sname.length / 2].pack('vv')
    idx += sname.length

    pkt << [0, 0].pack('vv') # unused

    pkt << [idx, aname.length / 2].pack('vv')
    idx += aname.length

    pkt << [idx, 0].pack('vv') # locales

    pkt << [idx, 0].pack('vv') #db

    # ClientID (should be mac address)
    pkt << Rex::Text.rand_text(6)

    # NTLMSSP
    pkt << [idx, ntlmsspblob.length].pack('vv')
    idx += ntlmsspblob.length

    pkt << [idx, 0].pack('vv') # AtchDBFile

    pkt << cname
    pkt << aname
    pkt << sname
    pkt << aname
    pkt << ntlmsspblob

    # Total packet length
    pkt[0, 4] = [pkt.length].pack('V')

    pkt_hdr[2] = pkt.length + 8

    pkt = pkt_hdr.pack("CCnnCC") + pkt

    # Rem : One have to set check_status to false here because sql server sp0 (and maybe above)
    # has a strange behavior that differs from the specifications
    # upon receiving the ntlm_negociate request it send an ntlm_challenge but the status flag of the tds packet header
    # is set to STATUS_NORMAL and not STATUS_END_OF_MESSAGE, then internally it waits for the ntlm_authentification
    if tdsencryption == true
       proxy = TDSSSLProxy.new(sock)
       proxy.setup_ssl
       resp = proxy.send_recv(pkt)
    else
       resp = mssql_send_recv(pkt, 15, false)
    end

    # Strip the TDS header
    resp = resp[3..-1]
    type3 = ntlm_client.init_context([resp].pack('m'))
    type3_blob = type3.serialize

    # Create an SSPIMessage
    idx = 0
    pkt = ''
    pkt_hdr = ''
    pkt_hdr = [
      TYPE_SSPI_MESSAGE, #type
      STATUS_END_OF_MESSAGE, #status
      0x0000, #length
      0x0000, # SPID
      0x01, # PacketID
      0x00 #Window
    ]

    pkt_hdr[2] = type3_blob.length + 8

    pkt = pkt_hdr.pack("CCnnCC") + type3_blob

    if self.tdsencryption == true
      resp = mssql_ssl_send_recv(pkt, proxy)
      proxy.cleanup
      proxy = nil
    else
      resp = mssql_send_recv(pkt)
    end

    #SQL Server Authentification
  else
    idx = 0
    pkt = ''
    pkt << [
        0x00000000,   # Dummy size

        0x71000001,   # TDS Version
        0x00000000,   # Size
        0x00000007,   # Version
        rand(1024+1), # PID
        0x00000000,   # ConnectionID
        0xe0,         # Option Flags 1
        0x03,         # Option Flags 2
        0x00,         # SQL Type Flags
        0x00,         # Reserved Flags
        0x00000000,   # Time Zone
        0x00000000    # Collation
    ].pack('VVVVVVCCCCVV')


    cname = Rex::Text.to_unicode( Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(rand(8)+1) )
    uname = Rex::Text.to_unicode( user )
    pname = mssql_tds_encrypt( pass )
    aname = Rex::Text.to_unicode( Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(rand(8)+1) )
    sname = Rex::Text.to_unicode( rhost )
    dname = Rex::Text.to_unicode( db )

    idx = pkt.size + 50 # lengths below

    pkt << [idx, cname.length / 2].pack('vv')
    idx += cname.length

    pkt << [idx, uname.length / 2].pack('vv')
    idx += uname.length

    pkt << [idx, pname.length / 2].pack('vv')
    idx += pname.length

    pkt << [idx, aname.length / 2].pack('vv')
    idx += aname.length

    pkt << [idx, sname.length / 2].pack('vv')
    idx += sname.length

    pkt << [0, 0].pack('vv')

    pkt << [idx, aname.length / 2].pack('vv')
    idx += aname.length

    pkt << [idx, 0].pack('vv')

    pkt << [idx, dname.length / 2].pack('vv')
    idx += dname.length

    # The total length has to be embedded twice more here
    pkt << [
        0,
        0,
        0x12345678,
        0x12345678
    ].pack('vVVV')

    pkt << cname
    pkt << uname
    pkt << pname
    pkt << aname
    pkt << sname
    pkt << aname
    pkt << dname

    # Total packet length
    pkt[0, 4] = [pkt.length].pack('V')

    # Embedded packet lengths
    pkt[pkt.index([0x12345678].pack('V')), 8] = [pkt.length].pack('V') * 2

    # Packet header and total length including header
    pkt = "\x10\x01" + [pkt.length + 8].pack('n') + [0].pack('n') + [1].pack('C') + "\x00" + pkt

    if self.tdsencryption == true
      proxy = TDSSSLProxy.new(sock)
      proxy.setup_ssl
      resp = mssql_ssl_send_recv(pkt, proxy)
      proxy.cleanup
      proxy = nil
    else
      resp = mssql_send_recv(pkt)
    end

  end

  info = {:errors => []}
  info = mssql_parse_reply(resp, info)

  disconnect

  return false if not info
  info[:login_ack] ? true : false
end

#mssql_prelogin(enc_error = false) ⇒ Object

this method send a prelogin packet and check if encryption is off



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# File 'lib/metasploit/framework/mssql/client.rb', line 263

def mssql_prelogin(enc_error=false)

  pkt = ""
  pkt_hdr = ""
  pkt_data_token = ""
  pkt_data = ""


  pkt_hdr = [
      TYPE_PRE_LOGIN_MESSAGE, #type
      STATUS_END_OF_MESSAGE, #status
      0x0000, #length
      0x0000, # SPID
      0x00, # PacketID
      0x00 #Window
  ]

  version = [0x55010008, 0x0000].pack("Vv")

  # if manually set, we will honour
  if tdsencryption == true
    encryption = ENCRYPT_ON
  else
    encryption = ENCRYPT_NOT_SUP
  end

  instoptdata = "MSSQLServer\0"

  threadid = "\0\0" + Rex::Text.rand_text(2)

  idx = 21 # size of pkt_data_token
  pkt_data_token << [
      0x00, # Token 0 type Version
      idx , # VersionOffset
      version.length, # VersionLength

      0x01, # Token 1 type Encryption
      idx = idx + version.length, # EncryptionOffset
      0x01, # EncryptionLength

      0x02, # Token 2 type InstOpt
      idx = idx + 1, # InstOptOffset
      instoptdata.length, # InstOptLength

      0x03, # Token 3 type Threadid
      idx + instoptdata.length, # ThreadIdOffset
      0x04, # ThreadIdLength

      0xFF
  ].pack("CnnCnnCnnCnnC")

  pkt_data << pkt_data_token
  pkt_data << version
  pkt_data << encryption
  pkt_data << instoptdata
  pkt_data << threadid

  pkt_hdr[2] = pkt_data.length + 8

  pkt = pkt_hdr.pack("CCnnCC") + pkt_data

  resp = mssql_send_recv(pkt)

  idx = 0

  while resp && resp[0, 1] != "\xff" && resp.length > 5
    token = resp.slice!(0, 5)
    token = token.unpack("Cnn")
    idx -= 5
    if token[0] == 0x01

      idx += token[1]
      break
    end
  end
  if idx > 0
    encryption_mode = resp[idx, 1].unpack("C")[0]
  else
    framework_module.print_error("Unable to parse encryption req " \
      "during pre-login, this may not be a MSSQL server")
    encryption_mode = ENCRYPT_NOT_SUP
  end

  ##########################################################
  # Our initial prelogin pkt above said we didnt support
  # encryption (it's quicker and the default).
  #
  # Per the matrix on the following link, SQL Server will
  # terminate the connection if it does require TLS,
  # otherwise it will accept an unencrypted session. As
  # part of this initial response packet, it also returns
  # ENCRYPT_REQ.
  #
  # https://msdn.microsoft.com\
  #   /en-us/library/ee320519(v=sql.105).aspx
  #
  ##########################################################

  if encryption_mode == ENCRYPT_REQ
    # restart prelogin process except that we tell SQL Server
    # than we are now able to encrypt
    disconnect if self.sock
    connect

    # offset 35 is the flag - turn it on
    pkt[35] = [ENCRYPT_ON].pack('C')
    self.tdsencryption = true
    framework_module.print_status("TLS encryption has " \
      "been enabled based on server response.")

    resp = mssql_send_recv(pkt)

    idx = 0

    while resp && resp[0, 1] != "\xff" && resp.length > 5
      token = resp.slice!(0, 5)
      token = token.unpack("Cnn")
      idx -= 5
      if token[0] == 0x01
        idx += token[1]
        break
      end
    end
    if idx > 0
      encryption_mode = resp[idx, 1].unpack("C")[0]
    else
      framework_module.print_error("Unable to parse encryption req " \
        "during pre-login, this may not be a MSSQL server")
      encryption_mode = ENCRYPT_NOT_SUP
    end
  end
  encryption_mode
end

#mssql_ssl_send_recv(req, tdsproxy, timeout = 15, check_status = true) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/metasploit/framework/mssql/client.rb', line 397

def mssql_ssl_send_recv(req, tdsproxy, timeout=15, check_status=true)
  tdsproxy.send_recv(req)
end

#send_lmObject (protected)

Raises:

  • (NotImplementedError)


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# File 'lib/metasploit/framework/mssql/client.rb', line 415

def send_lm
  raise NotImplementedError
end

#send_ntlmObject (protected)

Raises:

  • (NotImplementedError)


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# File 'lib/metasploit/framework/mssql/client.rb', line 419

def send_ntlm
  raise NotImplementedError
end

#send_spnObject (protected)

Raises:

  • (NotImplementedError)


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# File 'lib/metasploit/framework/mssql/client.rb', line 423

def send_spn
  raise NotImplementedError
end

#use_ntlm2_sessionObject (protected)

Raises:

  • (NotImplementedError)


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# File 'lib/metasploit/framework/mssql/client.rb', line 407

def use_ntlm2_session
  raise NotImplementedError
end

#use_ntlmv2Object (protected)

Raises:

  • (NotImplementedError)


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# File 'lib/metasploit/framework/mssql/client.rb', line 411

def use_ntlmv2
  raise NotImplementedError
end

#windows_authenticationObject (protected)

Raises:

  • (NotImplementedError)


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# File 'lib/metasploit/framework/mssql/client.rb', line 403

def windows_authentication
  raise NotImplementedError
end